State-of-the-art deep neural network models have reached near perfect face recognition accuracy rates on controlled high-resolution face images (especially Caucasian faces). However, their performance is drastically degraded when they are tested with very low-resolution face images. This is particularly critical in surveillance systems, where a low-resolution probe image is to be matched with high-resolution gallery images. Super-resolution techniques aim at producing high-resolution face images from low-resolution counterparts. While they are capable of reconstructing images that are
visually appealing, the identity-related information is not preserved. Here, we propose an identity-preserving end-to-end image-to-image translation deep neural network which is capable of super-resolving very low-resolution faces to their high-resolution counterparts while preserving identity-related information. We achieved this by training a very deep convolutional encoder-decoder network with a symmetric contracting path between corresponding layers. This network was trained with a combination of a reconstruction and
an identity-preserving loss, on multi-scale low-resolution conditions. Extensive quantitative evaluations of our proposed model demonstrated that it outperforms competing super-resolution and low-resolution face recognition methods on natural and artificial low-resolution face data sets and even unseen identities.
Article ID: 2022L19
Publisher: Canadian Artificial Intelligence Association